There are many ways to heat and cool your home. Heat pumps, however, can do both. If you need a new HVAC system and you are considering a heat pump, keep reading to learn more about the differences between geothermal vs. air source heat pumps.

What Is a Heat Pump?

A furnace uses gas, oil, or electricity to create a flame that makes heat. This heat is sent throughout your home through vents and ducts. This is effective, but it also uses a lot of energy (and money). A heat pump does not create hot air. Instead, it transfers heat and then sends that heat to the rest of the house.

During the winter, the heat pump takes heat from outside the house and pumps it inside to warm the house. In the summer, the heat pump takes heat from inside the house and pumps it outside. The system still uses those same vents and ducts the furnace uses to transport the heated or cooled air.

What Is an Air Source vs Geothermal Heat Pump?

An air source heat pump pulls the heated air from outdoor air to heat your home. A geothermal system, however, uses the heat generated by the planet to heat your home. For this reason, the system is installed underground. This makes it a more invasive process, but the system lasts a long time because the soil protects it from the elements and a lot of wear and tear.

Which System Is Better?

Regardless of the type of heat pump, they are more efficient than many other heating/cooling options, especially when compared to an electric furnace. However, because they don't generate heat, they are not usually as effective as a furnace or central air conditioning unit.

Because of how they work, geothermal systems are usually much more efficient and effective than air-source units. Naturally, finding warm air outside in winter is harder than taking heat directly from the planet.

How Much Do They Cost?

Since they are less effective, air source heat pumps are usually cheaper. For a whole-house system, you'll pay about $2,000 to $8,000. The price increases if you need to add or repair ducts. A geothermal whole-house unit costs about $10,000 to $25,000 to install.

A geothermal system, however, lasts a long time, requires little maintenance, and will recoup money faster because it's more efficient and effective. Regardless of the type of heat pump you choose, you may qualify for discounts and tax credits because they are an energy-efficient alternative.

Heat pumps can save you money on your heating and cooling bills. Geothermal units are more effective, and you may recoup your money faster. If you would like to know more about geothermal heating and air, contact an HVAC contractor in your area today.